Agadir

Agadir is considered the regional capital of Morocco and lies to the south of the Atlas Mountains. It is the shortened version of the Berber word "Agadir n Irir" which means, the fortified granary. 

The origin of this name is not entirely known. However there may be some link to a fort built by a Portuguese merchant north of town in the year 1505. It was later owned by King Manuel I of Portugal, who changed it into a garrison city. It was the time when the Agadir port was a major port on the sea towards Sudan and Guinea. In 1541 it was captured by the Irish Saad. However, in the 17th Century it was under the control of Berber Kingdom of Souss and later was conquered by Moulay Ismail which was the golden era of Agadir. 

In 1911 the Agadir Crisis between France and Germany led to France bringing a protectorate over Morocco. The worst moments of the city were the 15 seconds on the midnight of February 29, 1960 when an earthquake destroyed the whole city killing thousands of people. It destroyed the entire ancient Kasbah. However the destruction was taken as a challenge to rebuild the city, 3 kms south of the original site.