Microgarden. Dakar, Senegal
The general objective of the micro-garden programme is to contribute in further reducing unemployment, poverty through feeding and nutritions improvement, and income generation for populations.
Dakar's population naturally grows fast and because of rural exodus after dryness since end of 1960's. In 2001 (DPS), it was 2.4 million of inhabitants on 550 square kilometres: 24% and 3% of national population and territory. The pressure on agricultural spaces reduces access to farmland by fragile groups: women and youth.
The micro-gardens' project started, in Dakar, in 1999 within the framework of a Technical Cooperation Programme between the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the Senegalese Government. A Special Programme for Food Security (SPFS) of FAO allowed its extension, in 2001, in the ohter regional capitals of Senegal. The micro-garden project allowed introduction of new technologies concerning out of land horticultural production on yards, roofs and vacant places. At 2004, it became a programme.
The main objective of the program is to participate in poverty reduction.
Its goal was, and is still remaining, to provide fresh vegetables to poor families for improving their food supply and their nutrition. This is also materialized by income generation after selling the production's surplus. To consolidate micro-gardens and improve food security in Dakar, another programme has been signed, in 2006 and for two years, between the municipalities of Milan (Italia) and Dakar.
Another objective of those initiatives is to facilitate access to urban and periurban horticultural production for all the city-dwellers who didn't have access to farmland because of the urban land pressure. The micro-gardens programmes set a process of innovation in agriculture.
As a matter of fact, by mobilizing human ressources in the administration and the agricultural research fields, they promote reusing of agricultural waste like peanut's shell and rice's chaff. As those inputs are brought from the national agriculture's production, they are easy to achieve even by poor people.
Those programs also contribute to improve living environment both by recycling agricultural waste and by greening houses and cities in Dakar and in the others regional capitals. The micro-garden technology is adopted by all the social categories: the poor as well as the rich, men and women, young and old people, valid and handicaped persons. More than 4000 families were trained on the micro-garden technology.
ESTABLISHMENT OF PRIORITIES
- Inventory of fixtures,
- Buying and setting up of inputs and equipment,
- Follow-up of production,
- Fulfilment of a database,
- Training of technicians, trainers and beneficiaries. The beneficiaries' selection has much done through the economic interest groups (GIE) often composed by women.
- Selection of new beneficiaries,
- Research's continuation on substrates and on reduction of production's costs,
- Marketing and promotion of micro-gardens' produces,
- Monitoring and evaluation of actions,
- Restitution's Workshops.
FORMULATION OF OBJECTIVES AND STRATEGIES
The general objective of the micro-garden programme is to contribute in further reducing unemployment, poverty through feeding and nutritions improvement, and income generation for populations. This will allow participating in the promotion of sustainable development in Senegal, particularly through diversification of production and water management.
Specifically, the program aims to:
- Produce good quality vegetables by families,
- Improve the nutrition of the population,
- Diversify income generating activities for families,
- Occupy women and young people,
- Generate income.
Programme Micro-jardins S/C Direction de l'Horticulture
Mr. Babacar DIOP
Category: Employment and Economic Development